2D:4D, gender role identity and mental toughness in female netballers

Jennifer Meggs, Mark Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Research has identified a correlation between prenatal markers of testosterone (2D4D) and sport performance. This relationship is thought to be explained by several important psychophysiological variables such as physical fitness and mental toughness. The current study sought to add to this body of research by examining the differences between high and low 2D4D, in measures of gender identity (BSRI) and mental toughness (MTQ48). A sample of 116 recreational (n= 59) and competitive netballers (n= 57) completed the psychological measures and provided right-hand scans from which 2D4D ratio measures were drawn. The key results included a large effect of low digit ratio on emotional control, life control and interpersonal confidence. These findings suggest that 2D4D could provide a marker for sporting potential and mental toughness in female sport participants. However, future research may wish to establish the relative contribution of prenatal factors (such as 2D4D) and socialization factors (involvement in a sporting context) on sporting ability and related psychological variables.
Original languageEnglish
JournalWomen in Sport and Physical Activity Journal
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 14 Sep 2018

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Psychology
Athletic Performance
Aptitude
Physical Fitness
Socialization
Research
Sports
Testosterone
Hand

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abstract = "Research has identified a correlation between prenatal markers of testosterone (2D4D) and sport performance. This relationship is thought to be explained by several important psychophysiological variables such as physical fitness and mental toughness. The current study sought to add to this body of research by examining the differences between high and low 2D4D, in measures of gender identity (BSRI) and mental toughness (MTQ48). A sample of 116 recreational (n= 59) and competitive netballers (n= 57) completed the psychological measures and provided right-hand scans from which 2D4D ratio measures were drawn. The key results included a large effect of low digit ratio on emotional control, life control and interpersonal confidence. These findings suggest that 2D4D could provide a marker for sporting potential and mental toughness in female sport participants. However, future research may wish to establish the relative contribution of prenatal factors (such as 2D4D) and socialization factors (involvement in a sporting context) on sporting ability and related psychological variables.",
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2D:4D, gender role identity and mental toughness in female netballers. / Meggs, Jennifer; Chen, Mark.

In: Women in Sport and Physical Activity Journal , 14.09.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Chen, Mark

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