A conceptual analysis of public opinion regarding genome research in Japan

Shibly Shahrier, Hristina Gaydarska, Kayo Takashima, Go Yoshizawa, Jusaku Minari

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Abstract

In the 20 years since the completion of the Human Genome Project, the gap between scientific development and public understanding of genome research has been widening. While genome research has been increasingly utilized for social and clinical purposes in a multifaceted manner, this has resulted in an increase in the potential risks associated with genomic data. In this context, our study aims to consider the nature of public perceptions of genome research, primarily by using as a case study the results of previous public surveys relevant to donations for social benefits in Japan. We explored certain types of awareness, attitude, and intention (A-A-I) in such surveys and discussed the resultant key findings through the cultural transmission framework. Reframing the public’s response toward genome research based on A-A-I analysis and behavioral science may contribute to developing more systematic communication approaches with the public. With a view to establishing such approaches, our perspective suggests some new insights to discuss the science–society gap in genome research internationally.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1170794
JournalFrontiers in Genetics
Volume14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Nov 2023

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