A systematic review on barriers and facilitators to physical activity interventions programmes among UK adults during COVID-19 pandemic

Johnson Mbabazi, Fiona MacGregor, Jeff Breckon, Barry Tolchard, Dorothy Nalweyiso, George William Kagugube, Edward Kunonga, Mona Salman, Lawrence Nnyanzi

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COVID-19 was declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organisation in March 2022,
resulting in over 115,0000 deaths worldwide by October of the same year. Only 25% of adults
worldwide undertake the recommended levels of Physical activity (PA) for their respective age
ranges, potentially exacerbating the symptoms associated with contraction of COVID-19 and
recovery. This review aims to identify specific barriers and facilitators to engagement with PA
interventions that were implemented during the pandemic. This quantitative study was
undertaken adhering to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta
Analyses. A systematic search was conducted of the following databases: CINAHL, MEDLINE,
AMED, Cochrane, SCOPUS and Web of Science. Quality appraisal of selected papers was
conducted through the CASP tool, with data extraction by two independent reviewers thereby
minimising bias. This was then followed by a meta-analysis of the resulting data; however, no
eligible studies were identified. Whilst 258 papers were identified through the database
searches, following removal of duplicates (n=19), the remaining 239 were screened, of these
237 were excluded on title and abstract, with the remaining two subsequently excluded
following full read due to failure to meet the inclusion criteria. This review identified research
gaps in the study.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2334481
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalCogent Public Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 9 Apr 2024

Bibliographical note

Dr. Johnson Mbabazi is an associate lecturer at Teesside University. He is also the co-founder and chairman of the Teesside University Health Students Research Network (TUHSRN). He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Public Health, a Fellow of the European Public Health Association, and an associate of the Royal College of Physicians. He has published a lot of peer-reviewed articles and books. A multiple international award-winning author, lifetime author award winner and UK Plaque winner.

Fiona MacGregor is a Principal Lecturer for International, SHLS Allied Health at Teesside University and a senior staff member of the Teesside University Health Student Research Network (TUHSRN).

Prof. Jeff Breckon is an associate dean for Research and Innovation in the School of Health and Life Sciences at Teesside University, mentor, and Co-founder of TUHSRN.

Prof. Barry Tolchard is the director of Integrated Care Academy, mentor, and a Co-founder of TUHSRN.

Dr. Dorothy Irene Nalweyiso is a Doctor of Public Health at Teesside University, part time lecturer at Makerere University and an executive committee member of TUHSRN.

George William Kagugube is an associate lecturer and a PhD student at University College London as well as a member of TUHSRN.

Prof. Edward Kunonga is public health consultant, lecturer, mentor, and member of TUHSRN at Teesside University.

Dr. Mona Salman is Doctor of Public Health at Teesside University and a member TUHSRN.

Dr. Lawrence Achilles Nnyanzi is a Senior Lecturer in Research Methods Programme Leader Doctorate in Public Health mentor and a Co-founder of the TUHSRN.


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