Alien Pathogens on the Horizon: Opportunities for Predicting their Threat to Wildlife

Helen Roy, Helen Hesketh, Bethan Purse, Jorgen Eilenberg, Alberto Santini, Riccardo Scalera, Grant Stentiford, Tim Adriaens, Karolina Bacela-Spychalska, David Bass, Katie Beckmann, Paul Bessell, Jamie Bojko, Olaf Booy, Ana Cardoso, Franz Essl, Quentin Groom, Colin Harrower, Regina Kleespies, Angeliki MartinouMonique van Oers, Edmund Peeler, Jan Pergl, Wolfgang Rabitsch, Alain Roques, Francis Schaffner, Stefan Schindler, Benedikt Schmidt, Karsten Schonrogge, Jonathan Smith, Wojciech Solarz, Alan Stewart, Arjan Stroo, Elena Tricarico, Katharine Turvey, Andrea Vannini, Montserrat Vila, Stephen Woodward, Anja Wynns, Alison Dunn

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    Abstract

    According to the Convention on Biological Diversity, by 2020 invasive alien species (IAS) should be identified and their impacts assessed, so that species can be prioritized for implementation of appropriate control strategies and measures put in place to manage invasion pathways. For one quarter of the IAS listed as the “100 of the world’s worst” environmental impacts are linked to diseases of wildlife (undomesticated plants and animals). Moreover, IAS area significant source of “pathogen pollution” defined as the human-mediated introduction of a pathogen to a new host or region. Despite this, little is known about the biology of alien pathogens and their biodiversity impacts after introduction into new regions. We argue that the threats posed by alien pathogens to endangered species, ecosystems, and ecosystem services should receive greater attention through legislation, policy, and management. We identify 10 key areas for research and action, including those relevant to the processes of introduction and establishment of an alien pathogen and to prediction of the spread and associated impact of an alien pathogen on native
    biota and ecosystems. The development of interdisciplinary capacity, expertise, and coordination to identify and manage threats was seen as critical to address knowledge gaps.
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages8
    JournalConservation Letters
    Volume10
    Issue number4
    Early online date25 Aug 2016
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

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    Roy, H., Hesketh, H., Purse, B., Eilenberg, J., Santini, A., Scalera, R., Stentiford, G., Adriaens, T., Bacela-Spychalska, K., Bass, D., Beckmann, K., Bessell, P., Bojko, J., Booy, O., Cardoso, A., Essl, F., Groom, Q., Harrower, C., Kleespies, R., ... Dunn, A. (2017). Alien Pathogens on the Horizon: Opportunities for Predicting their Threat to Wildlife. Conservation Letters, 10(4). https://doi.org/10.1111/conl.12297