An online-based survey to assess knowledge, attitudes, and barriers to perform first aid after road accidents conducted among adult Jordanians

Walid Al-Qerem, Anan Jarab, Abdel Qader Al Bawab, Alaa Hammad, Judith Eberhardt, Fawaz Alasmari, Hanin Moh’d Kalloush, Lujain al-sa’di, Raghd Obidat

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Abstract

(1) Background: First aid administered during road accidents can save millions of lives.
However, the knowledge and attitudes of the Jordanian population towards first aid are lacking.
This study aimed to examine the knowledge, attitudes, and barriers to performing first aid among
the Jordanian population during road accidents. (2) Methods: An online questionnaire was devel-
oped and distributed using various Jordanian social media platforms. The questionnaire collected
participants’ sociodemographic details and assessed their first aid knowledge, attitudes toward first
aid, and barriers preventing participants from performing first aid in emergencies. (3) Results: 732 27
participants participated in the study. The median knowledge score regarding first aid items was 9
(7-10) out of the maximum possible score of 15. The median first aid attitude score was 24 (22-27)
out of a maximum possible score of 30. The most commonly reported barrier to performing first aid
among the participants was “lack of first aid training” (76.78%), followed by “lack of knowledge
about first aid “(75.81%), and “fear of performing first aid” (57.51%). Participants with lower income
levels exhibited more negative attitudes towards first aid (4) Conclusions: This study underscores
the urgent need for enhanced first aid training and awareness in Jordan. Participants’ first-aid
knowledge overall was limited, although positive attitudes toward first aid delivery were observed.
The findings emphasize the need for regular and structured first-aid training courses, addressing
barriers such as fear and misinformation, and ensuring accessibility across all socioeconomic levels
to improve preparedness for road traffic accidents and other emergencies. This comprehensive ap-
proach can better equip the Jordanian population to effectively manage emergencies and improve
public health outcomes.
Original languageEnglish
Article number947
JournalHealthcare (Switzerland)
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 May 2024

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