Association between Physical and Motor Fitness with Cognition in Children

Akbar Moradi, Esmaeil Sadri Damirchi, Mohammad Narimani, Samad Esmaeilzadeh, Inga Dziembowska, Liane B. Azevedo, Wagner Luiz Do Prado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background and objective: There is an increased interest in exploring the association between fitness components with cognitive development in children in recent years. One of the scopes is to find the best exercise prescription to enhance health and cognition. Most of the studies so far have focused on cardiorespiratory fitness with little evidence on other fitness components. The present study aimed to explore the association between physical fitness (PF) and motor fitness (MF) with cognitive performance in children. Methods: Two hundred and six schoolboys (11.0 0.8 y) underwent a battery of tests to measure information processing speed (i.e., simple and choice reaction time) and inhibitory control (i.e., Simon task). PF components (i.e., flexibility, muscular strength, and endurance) and MF components (speed and agility) were measured. Results: Multiple linear regression analysis adjusted for potential confounders (i.e., age, socio-economic status, % fat and physical activity) revealed no relationship between flexibility, speed, muscular strength, and endurance with either information processing tasks or inhibitory control tasks. However, a positive association was observed between agility with both congruent reaction time and incongruent reaction time. Conclusions: No relationship was observed between the underlying fitness components with either information processing or inhibitory control. However, an association was observed between agility with inhibitory control.
LanguageEnglish
Pages7
Number of pages11
JournalMedicina
Volume55
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jan 2019

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Physical Fitness
Automatic Data Processing
Cognition
Reaction Time
Exercise
Child Development
Prescriptions
Linear Models
Fats
Regression Analysis
Economics
Health

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Moradi, A., Damirchi, E. S., Narimani, M., Esmaeilzadeh, S., Dziembowska, I., Azevedo, L. B., & Do Prado, W. L. (2019). Association between Physical and Motor Fitness with Cognition in Children. Medicina, 55(1), 7. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina55010007
Moradi, Akbar ; Damirchi, Esmaeil Sadri ; Narimani, Mohammad ; Esmaeilzadeh, Samad ; Dziembowska, Inga ; Azevedo, Liane B. ; Do Prado, Wagner Luiz. / Association between Physical and Motor Fitness with Cognition in Children. In: Medicina. 2019 ; Vol. 55, No. 1. pp. 7.
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abstract = "Background and objective: There is an increased interest in exploring the association between fitness components with cognitive development in children in recent years. One of the scopes is to find the best exercise prescription to enhance health and cognition. Most of the studies so far have focused on cardiorespiratory fitness with little evidence on other fitness components. The present study aimed to explore the association between physical fitness (PF) and motor fitness (MF) with cognitive performance in children. Methods: Two hundred and six schoolboys (11.0 0.8 y) underwent a battery of tests to measure information processing speed (i.e., simple and choice reaction time) and inhibitory control (i.e., Simon task). PF components (i.e., flexibility, muscular strength, and endurance) and MF components (speed and agility) were measured. Results: Multiple linear regression analysis adjusted for potential confounders (i.e., age, socio-economic status, {\%} fat and physical activity) revealed no relationship between flexibility, speed, muscular strength, and endurance with either information processing tasks or inhibitory control tasks. However, a positive association was observed between agility with both congruent reaction time and incongruent reaction time. Conclusions: No relationship was observed between the underlying fitness components with either information processing or inhibitory control. However, an association was observed between agility with inhibitory control.",
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Moradi, A, Damirchi, ES, Narimani, M, Esmaeilzadeh, S, Dziembowska, I, Azevedo, LB & Do Prado, WL 2019, 'Association between Physical and Motor Fitness with Cognition in Children', Medicina, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 7. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina55010007

Association between Physical and Motor Fitness with Cognition in Children. / Moradi, Akbar; Damirchi, Esmaeil Sadri; Narimani, Mohammad; Esmaeilzadeh, Samad; Dziembowska, Inga; Azevedo, Liane B.; Do Prado, Wagner Luiz.

In: Medicina, Vol. 55, No. 1, 04.01.2019, p. 7.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Moradi, Akbar

AU - Damirchi, Esmaeil Sadri

AU - Narimani, Mohammad

AU - Esmaeilzadeh, Samad

AU - Dziembowska, Inga

AU - Azevedo, Liane B.

AU - Do Prado, Wagner Luiz

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N2 - Background and objective: There is an increased interest in exploring the association between fitness components with cognitive development in children in recent years. One of the scopes is to find the best exercise prescription to enhance health and cognition. Most of the studies so far have focused on cardiorespiratory fitness with little evidence on other fitness components. The present study aimed to explore the association between physical fitness (PF) and motor fitness (MF) with cognitive performance in children. Methods: Two hundred and six schoolboys (11.0 0.8 y) underwent a battery of tests to measure information processing speed (i.e., simple and choice reaction time) and inhibitory control (i.e., Simon task). PF components (i.e., flexibility, muscular strength, and endurance) and MF components (speed and agility) were measured. Results: Multiple linear regression analysis adjusted for potential confounders (i.e., age, socio-economic status, % fat and physical activity) revealed no relationship between flexibility, speed, muscular strength, and endurance with either information processing tasks or inhibitory control tasks. However, a positive association was observed between agility with both congruent reaction time and incongruent reaction time. Conclusions: No relationship was observed between the underlying fitness components with either information processing or inhibitory control. However, an association was observed between agility with inhibitory control.

AB - Background and objective: There is an increased interest in exploring the association between fitness components with cognitive development in children in recent years. One of the scopes is to find the best exercise prescription to enhance health and cognition. Most of the studies so far have focused on cardiorespiratory fitness with little evidence on other fitness components. The present study aimed to explore the association between physical fitness (PF) and motor fitness (MF) with cognitive performance in children. Methods: Two hundred and six schoolboys (11.0 0.8 y) underwent a battery of tests to measure information processing speed (i.e., simple and choice reaction time) and inhibitory control (i.e., Simon task). PF components (i.e., flexibility, muscular strength, and endurance) and MF components (speed and agility) were measured. Results: Multiple linear regression analysis adjusted for potential confounders (i.e., age, socio-economic status, % fat and physical activity) revealed no relationship between flexibility, speed, muscular strength, and endurance with either information processing tasks or inhibitory control tasks. However, a positive association was observed between agility with both congruent reaction time and incongruent reaction time. Conclusions: No relationship was observed between the underlying fitness components with either information processing or inhibitory control. However, an association was observed between agility with inhibitory control.

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SN - 1010-660X

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Moradi A, Damirchi ES, Narimani M, Esmaeilzadeh S, Dziembowska I, Azevedo LB et al. Association between Physical and Motor Fitness with Cognition in Children. Medicina. 2019 Jan 4;55(1):7. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina55010007