Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in the Prison System

Susan Young, Kelly Cocallis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose of Review

To examine recent advances in the understanding of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among the prison population.
Recent Findings

Efforts have been made to develop useful tools for assessing ADHD among prisoners. Prisoners with ADHD demonstrate incremental vulnerability due to comorbid psychiatric disorders, neurodevelopmental disorders and traumatic brain injury. Compared with prisoners without ADHD, prisoners with ADHD become involved in the criminal justice system at a younger age and have higher rates of recidivism in adulthood. Recent studies demonstrate the effectiveness of extended release stimulant medication and psychological interventions. Early identification and treatment of prisoners with ADHD have the potential to demonstrate health economic benefits.
Summary

Our understanding of ADHD among prisoners continues to develop. However, further research is needed, particularly among neglected groups such as females. Much more attention is needed by the prison service to engender better outcomes for this at-risk population.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCurrent Psychiatry Reports
Volume21
Issue number41
Early online date29 Apr 2019
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 29 Apr 2019

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Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
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Cite this

Young, Susan ; Cocallis, Kelly. / Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in the Prison System. In: Current Psychiatry Reports. 2019 ; Vol. 21, No. 41.
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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in the Prison System. / Young, Susan; Cocallis, Kelly.

In: Current Psychiatry Reports, Vol. 21, No. 41, 30.06.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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