Biosurfactant Producing Bacteria from Hydrocarbon Contaminted Environment

Sam Joy, Tanvi Butalia, Shashi Sharma, Pattanathu Rahman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterResearch

Abstract

As a result of global industrialization and increasing population there has been an alarming increase in the global demands for energy which is being fulfilled by exploiting various natural resources significantly hydrocarbons. As a result enormous amounts of hydrocarbons and hydrocarbon-based products have been released into the environment, threatening health and sustainability of the ecosystem. These different types of hydrocarbon-contaminated environments vary in their microbial composition and serve as an excellent reservoir of microbial flora, with a potential to degrade hydrocarbons and produce biosurfactants. In this chapter, an overview of biosurfactant-producing microorganisms from hydrocarbon-contaminated environments and their role in utilisation and degradation of hydrocarbon compounds is presented. Micro-organisms growing in hydrocarbon-rich environments undergo many adaptations, such as production of biosurfactants, which increases access to these hydrophobic substrates. Industrially, biosurfactants, which constitute as a group of surface-active amphiphilic compounds, are of great significance as they are biodegradable and nontoxic compared to synthetic chemical surfactants. Thus, biosurfactants have found wide applications and are used in bioremediation, oil exploration and enhanced recovery, health care, oil and food processing industries.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBiodegradation and Bioconversion of Hydrocarbons
Pages-
Number of pages0
Publication statusPublished - 11 Nov 2016

Fingerprint

hydrocarbon
bacterium
industrialization
bioremediation
health care
surfactant
flora
natural resource
microorganism
sustainability
substrate
degradation
ecosystem
oil
energy

Cite this

Joy, S., Butalia, T., Sharma, S., & Rahman, P. (2016). Biosurfactant Producing Bacteria from Hydrocarbon Contaminted Environment. In Biodegradation and Bioconversion of Hydrocarbons (pp. -)
Joy, Sam ; Butalia, Tanvi ; Sharma, Shashi ; Rahman, Pattanathu. / Biosurfactant Producing Bacteria from Hydrocarbon Contaminted Environment. Biodegradation and Bioconversion of Hydrocarbons. 2016. pp. -
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Joy, S, Butalia, T, Sharma, S & Rahman, P 2016, Biosurfactant Producing Bacteria from Hydrocarbon Contaminted Environment. in Biodegradation and Bioconversion of Hydrocarbons. pp. -.

Biosurfactant Producing Bacteria from Hydrocarbon Contaminted Environment. / Joy, Sam; Butalia, Tanvi; Sharma, Shashi; Rahman, Pattanathu.

Biodegradation and Bioconversion of Hydrocarbons. 2016. p. -.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterResearch

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AB - As a result of global industrialization and increasing population there has been an alarming increase in the global demands for energy which is being fulfilled by exploiting various natural resources significantly hydrocarbons. As a result enormous amounts of hydrocarbons and hydrocarbon-based products have been released into the environment, threatening health and sustainability of the ecosystem. These different types of hydrocarbon-contaminated environments vary in their microbial composition and serve as an excellent reservoir of microbial flora, with a potential to degrade hydrocarbons and produce biosurfactants. In this chapter, an overview of biosurfactant-producing microorganisms from hydrocarbon-contaminated environments and their role in utilisation and degradation of hydrocarbon compounds is presented. Micro-organisms growing in hydrocarbon-rich environments undergo many adaptations, such as production of biosurfactants, which increases access to these hydrophobic substrates. Industrially, biosurfactants, which constitute as a group of surface-active amphiphilic compounds, are of great significance as they are biodegradable and nontoxic compared to synthetic chemical surfactants. Thus, biosurfactants have found wide applications and are used in bioremediation, oil exploration and enhanced recovery, health care, oil and food processing industries.

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9789811001994

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BT - Biodegradation and Bioconversion of Hydrocarbons

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Joy S, Butalia T, Sharma S, Rahman P. Biosurfactant Producing Bacteria from Hydrocarbon Contaminted Environment. In Biodegradation and Bioconversion of Hydrocarbons. 2016. p. -