Cambaraspora faxoni n. sp. (Microsporidia: Glugeida) from native and invasive crayfish in the USA and a novel host of Cambaraspora floridanus

Cheyenne Stratton, Bana Kabalan, Sara Bolds, Lindsey Reisinger, Jamie Bojko, Donald Behringer

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Abstract

Crayfishes are among the most widely introduced freshwater taxa and can have extensive ecological impacts. Knowledge of the parasites crayfish harbor is limited, yet co-invasion of parasites is a significant risk associated with invasions. In this study, we describe a novel microsporidium, Cambaraspora faxoni n. sp. (Glugeida: Tuzetiidae), from two crayfish hosts in the Midwest USA, Faxonius virilis and Faxonius rusticus. We also expand the known host range of Cambaraspora floridanus to include Procambarus spiculifer. Cambaraspora faxoni infects muscle and heart tissue of F. rusticus and develops within a sporophorous vesicle. The mature spore measures 3.22 ± 0.14 μm in length and 1.45 ± 0.13 μm in width, with 8–9 turns of the polar filament. SSU sequencing indicates the isolates from F. virilis and F. rusticus were identical (100%) and 93.49% similar to C. floridanus, supporting the erection of a new species within the Cambaraspora genus. The novel parasite was discovered within the native range of F. rusticus (Ohio, USA) and within a native congeneric (F. virilis) in the invasive range of F. rusticus (Wisconsin, USA). Faxonius virilis is invasive in other regions. This new parasite could have been introduced to Wisconsin with F. rusticus or it may be a generalist species with a broad distribution. In either case, this parasite infects two crayfish species that have been widely introduced to new drainages throughout North America and could have future effects on invasion dynamics or impacts.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107949
JournalJournal of Invertebrate Pathology
Volume199
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jun 2023

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