Carbon Nanotubes: The Building Blocks of Nanotechnology Development

Thank God E. Boye, OJodomo J. Achadu, B.U Oreko, O.D Samuel

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Abstract

Carbon nanotubes’ (CNTs) has become the building blocks of nano technology for energy system
development, because of its astonished mechanical, energy storage and unique electronic properties. These
ensure its relevancy for applications in enormous areas presently and in the future. Areas of applications
include field emission devices, high-strength composition, sensors, nanobiomedicals, nanosystems, nano
energy storage system and other related fields. This report reviewed CNTs’ properties and how they are
related to their physical and chemical structure. The design criteria for this material were critically
reviewed which includes manufacture and cost savings. The growth of carbon nanotubes and
manufacturing to its appropriate form such as purification, characterization and functionalization were
comprehensively revised and reported. The current and future areas of applications of CNTs were
identified; examples are nanoelectronics, scanning nanomicroscopy, biomedical sensors, nano energy
storage system etc. This report is concluded with the progress made so far since CNTs were discovered and
the potential challenges, potential solutions and it significant for meeting future energy needs among
others.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-46
JournalJournal of Nanotechnology Progress International (JONPI)
Volume6
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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