Carbon performance, financial performance and market value: The moderating effect of pay incentives

Douglas Adu, Antoinette Flynn, Colette Grey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We investigate the interrelationships among carbon performance, CEO Pay, executive compensation, financial performance and market value. Using data relating to non-financial firms from UK FTSE 350 from 2009 to 2018, our findings are fourfold. First, our results suggest that actual carbon performance is negatively associated with financial performance and market value of firms. Second, we document that self-reported carbon performance has no effect on financial performance. By contrast, we observe that self-reported carbon reduction initiatives performance has positive impact on market value. Third, our results suggest that CEO Pay, and executive compensation have positive moderating effect on the association between self-reported carbon performance and financial performance. In addition, we show that self-reported carbon performance–market value nexus is positively moderated by CEO Pay and executive compensation. Fourth, we observe that CEO Pay, and executive compensation have no moderating impact on actual carbon performance–market value nexus. Our findings demonstrate that while firms appear to employ compensation incentives to symbolically enhance their self-reported carbon performance, this does not result in actual carbon emission reduction. Our findings have key implications for policymakers.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages25
JournalBusiness Strategy and the Environment
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Aug 2022
Externally publishedYes

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