Change readiness as a proposed dimension for industry 4.0 readiness models

M. Hizam-Hanafiah, M.A. Soomro, N.L. Abdullah, M.S. Jusoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Background: Change readiness at organizational level is a key competence needed for Industry 4.0
readiness, and one of the most important critical success factors for managers in implementing Industry 4.0 initiatives.
Methods: This paper conducts a critical literature review of 184 peer-reviewed academic journals and industry reports
from 1990 to 2019, and identifies 30 Industry 4.0 readiness models.
Results: A closer review of dimensions from these Industry 4.0 readiness models reveal that change readiness as a model
dimension has not been sufficiently addressed. Supporting the conceptualization and operationalization of this new
dimension, the literature review in this paper presents six change related dimensions, specifically change commitment
factor, change efficacy, change management, individual fear of change, organizational change readiness and change
Conclusion: This study after critical analysis of the literature proposes change readiness as a new dimension for Industry
4.0 readiness models. Furthermore, in terms of future research, change readiness as a new dimension for studying
Industry 4.0 readiness models offers valuable implications for individuals and organizations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-96
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jan 2021


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