Characterising Research on AR and VR for Health and Safety Training: Identifying Gaps and Future Directions in Research

Sikiru Abiodun Ganiyu, D. D. J. Manuel , Lukman A. Akanbi, Gbenga Akinade, Ganiyu Otukogbe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


In line with the growing digitalisation of the construction industry, applications of immersive technologies such as augmented and virtual reality (AR/VR) to address some of the challenges facing the industry have attracted researchers’ interest recently. One area of AR and VR that has continuously attracted interest is the application of these immersive technologies to the health and safety training (H&S) of workers. This paper seeks to characterise research on AR and VR technologies H&S training by assessing implementation challenges facing onsite construction workers. Through a systematic review, 14 papers directly related to the applications of these technologies for H&S training of onsite construction workers were extracted for a thorough review. The review highlights five major categories of current applications of AR/VR-based technologies for H&S training of onsite construction workers, i.e.: (1) safety education and training, (2) hazards identification and recognition, (3) falling from heights, (4) electrical hazards, and (5) other hazards. The study revealed four categories for future directions in the applications of AR/VR for H&S training. These are (i) interoperability of the technologies with other systems for H&S predictive analytics, (ii) deepened level of immersion to improve the degree of close-to-reality of the H&S training received by workers, (iii) realism comparison across the spectrum of technologies, and (iv) machine learning tools that allow the use of off-the-shelf cameras for capturing stereo-panorama videos for H&S training. The study’s main contribution to knowledge is the characterisation of research on AR/VR for H&S training so that challenges facing AR/VR applications for H&S training of onsite workers can be effectively mitigated.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationConference on Economics and Business Roads to Sustainability (CEBRS)
Publication statusPublished - 3 May 2023


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