Characteristics of circular electrostatic sensors used in measurements of gas-solids flow

R. Cheng, J. Coulthard

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Mass flow measurement of gas-solids mixtures using electrostatic sensors is of major importance in lean-phase solids conveying. Many sensing problems exist but the spatial sensitivity is the main concern in developing the sensing system. Although many different shapes and sizes of electrostatic sensors have been reported in the literature, fundamental work on the mechanism of signal generation has not been considered in detail and related to the sensor geometry. In this paper, the mechanism of signal generation of an electrostatic sensor is studied and mathematical modelling of circular electrostatic sensors has been carried out using a two-dimensional finite element method (FEM). The analysis shows that the sensing volume of the sensors is dependent upon the geometry of the sensors and the different forms of signal generating mechanisms depend more upon the sensing volume rather than the physical size of the sensors. As a result, an analysis of the sensor spatial sensitivity has been carried out which provides important design information of suitable electrostatic sensors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-115
Number of pages9
JournalInstrumentation in the Aerospace Industry : Proceedings of the International Symposium
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1996
Event42nd International Instrumentation Symposium - San Diego, United States
Duration: 5 May 19969 May 1996
Conference number: 42

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