Cocaine and its effects on pregnancy

Debra Bunford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Cocaine use in the UK is increasing and is found across all socioeconomic groups. Maternal complications linked to cocaine include: spontaneous abortion, preterm labour, placental abruption and pregnancy-induced hypertension in the mother and also intrauterine growth retardation, fetal distress, gastric, skeletal and cardiac abnormalities in the fetus. This article examines the complex physiological effects of cocaine on both mother and fetus, demonstrating that the complications highlighted occur irrespective of poverty
Original languageEnglish
JournalBritish Journal of Midwifery
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 1995


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