Combining a DS-DBR laser with QPM-DFG for mid-infrared spectroscopy

K. E. Whittaker, L. Ciaffoni, G. Hancock, Meez Islam, R. Peverall, G. A.D. Ritchie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Studies into the suitability of a novel, widely tunable telecom L-band (1563-1613 nm) digital supermode distributed Bragg reflector (DS-DBR) laser for spectroscopy in the mid-IR are presented. Light from the DS-DBR laser was mixed with 1064 nm radiation in a periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) crystal to generate mid-IR light by quasi phase matching difference frequency generation (QPM-DFG). The resultant continuous wave radiation covered the range 3000-3200 cm-1 with powers of up to 2.6 μW. The use of such laser light for spectroscopic applications was illustrated by performing absorption experiments on both narrow-band and broad-band absorbers, namely methane (CH4) and methanethiol (CH3SH). Wavelength modulation spectroscopy (WMS) on CH4 demonstrated that the modulation characteristics of the DS-DBR laser observed in the near-IR were transposed to the mid-IR and yielded a sensitivity of 3.1×10-6 cm-1 Hz-1/2 over a 47 cm path length. In the CH3SH spectrum, the absorption feature at 3040 cm-1 was identified as a potential useful region for monitoring this biomarker in exhaled breath at reduced pressures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-432
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Physics B: Lasers and Optics
Volume109
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2012

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    Whittaker, K. E., Ciaffoni, L., Hancock, G., Islam, M., Peverall, R., & Ritchie, G. A. D. (2012). Combining a DS-DBR laser with QPM-DFG for mid-infrared spectroscopy. Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics, 109(3), 423-432. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00340-012-5071-0