Surfactants or surface active agents find broad industrial applications as additives—in household detergents, cleaning products, toothpastes, paints, coatings, leather, paper, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, food products, and agriculture. Irrespective of their interesting applications, all surfactants end up their journey in sewers or drains—from where they directly or indirectly affect the flora, fauna, and water bodies causing environmental concerns.
Rahman, P., & Sekhon Randhawa, K. (2016). Commentary: Oil degradation and biosurfactant production by the deep sea bacterium Dietzia maris As-13-3. Frontiers in Microbiology, -. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2015.01557