Continuity and individuality in Medieval Hereford, England:

A stable isotope approach to bulk bone and incremental dentine

Hrafnhildur Helga Halldórsdóttir, Bryony Rogers, Frank Direnno, Gundula Müldner, Darren R. Gröcke, Ellen Barnicle, Blessing Chidimuro, Malcolm Evans, Ruth Morley, Monica Neff, Cassidy Sharp, Ashleigh Simpson, Andy Boucher, Janet Montgomery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

In this study, bulk bone collagen carbon (δ13C) and nitrogen (δ15N) isotope data from 49 individuals, recovered from two Medieval burial grounds in Hereford, England, are coupled with incremental dentine data from five individuals with high δ15N bone values who survived into old age, to see whether the high δ15N values were consistent throughout their childhood and adolescence. There are statistically insignificant differences between mean bone δ13C and δ15N values from the two Hereford populations, exhumed at Cathedral Close and St. Guthlac's Priory, despite temporal and demographic differences (St Guthlac's mean: δ13C −19.4 ± 0.5‰ and δ15N 10.9 ± 1.2‰; Hereford Cathedral mean: δ13C −19.6 ± 0.4‰ and δ15N 10.4 ± 0.9‰, 1σ). In comparison to other contemporary urban populations, the Hereford individuals present significantly lower but more variable δ15N values, suggesting a diet low in protein from high trophic level foods such as meat and milk, possibly the result of differing social status or geographic factors. The approximately 23-year long incremental dentine profiles all show considerable fluctuation in stable isotope values during childhood and adolescence for all individuals until around age 20, suggesting possible influence by physiological processes related to growth and development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)800-809
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science: Reports
Volume23
Early online date12 Dec 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2019

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individuality
continuity
Values
adolescence
childhood
urban population
old age
fluctuation
funeral
social status
Individuality
Medieval England
Dentin
Continuity
Bulk
Stable Isotopes
food
Cathedrals
Childhood
Adolescence

Cite this

Halldórsdóttir, Hrafnhildur Helga ; Rogers, Bryony ; Direnno, Frank ; Müldner, Gundula ; Gröcke, Darren R. ; Barnicle, Ellen ; Chidimuro, Blessing ; Evans, Malcolm ; Morley, Ruth ; Neff, Monica ; Sharp, Cassidy ; Simpson, Ashleigh ; Boucher, Andy ; Montgomery, Janet. / Continuity and individuality in Medieval Hereford, England: A stable isotope approach to bulk bone and incremental dentine. In: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. 2019 ; Vol. 23. pp. 800-809.
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abstract = "In this study, bulk bone collagen carbon (δ13C) and nitrogen (δ15N) isotope data from 49 individuals, recovered from two Medieval burial grounds in Hereford, England, are coupled with incremental dentine data from five individuals with high δ15N bone values who survived into old age, to see whether the high δ15N values were consistent throughout their childhood and adolescence. There are statistically insignificant differences between mean bone δ13C and δ15N values from the two Hereford populations, exhumed at Cathedral Close and St. Guthlac's Priory, despite temporal and demographic differences (St Guthlac's mean: δ13C −19.4 ± 0.5‰ and δ15N 10.9 ± 1.2‰; Hereford Cathedral mean: δ13C −19.6 ± 0.4‰ and δ15N 10.4 ± 0.9‰, 1σ). In comparison to other contemporary urban populations, the Hereford individuals present significantly lower but more variable δ15N values, suggesting a diet low in protein from high trophic level foods such as meat and milk, possibly the result of differing social status or geographic factors. The approximately 23-year long incremental dentine profiles all show considerable fluctuation in stable isotope values during childhood and adolescence for all individuals until around age 20, suggesting possible influence by physiological processes related to growth and development.",
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Halldórsdóttir, HH, Rogers, B, Direnno, F, Müldner, G, Gröcke, DR, Barnicle, E, Chidimuro, B, Evans, M, Morley, R, Neff, M, Sharp, C, Simpson, A, Boucher, A & Montgomery, J 2019, 'Continuity and individuality in Medieval Hereford, England: A stable isotope approach to bulk bone and incremental dentine', Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, vol. 23, pp. 800-809. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2018.12.006

Continuity and individuality in Medieval Hereford, England: A stable isotope approach to bulk bone and incremental dentine. / Halldórsdóttir, Hrafnhildur Helga; Rogers, Bryony; Direnno, Frank; Müldner, Gundula; Gröcke, Darren R.; Barnicle, Ellen; Chidimuro, Blessing; Evans, Malcolm; Morley, Ruth; Neff, Monica; Sharp, Cassidy; Simpson, Ashleigh; Boucher, Andy; Montgomery, Janet.

In: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, Vol. 23, 28.02.2019, p. 800-809.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Halldórsdóttir, Hrafnhildur Helga

AU - Rogers, Bryony

AU - Direnno, Frank

AU - Müldner, Gundula

AU - Gröcke, Darren R.

AU - Barnicle, Ellen

AU - Chidimuro, Blessing

AU - Evans, Malcolm

AU - Morley, Ruth

AU - Neff, Monica

AU - Sharp, Cassidy

AU - Simpson, Ashleigh

AU - Boucher, Andy

AU - Montgomery, Janet

PY - 2019/2/28

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