A defined mixed culture of Pseudomonas putida, Commamonas testosteroni and Candida tropicalis was immobilized by adsorption on polyurethane foam, cocoa-fibers, expanded slate and sintered glass. Packed bed reactors were used for long-term continuous phenol biodegradations. Loading experiments were done to study the impact of the following parameters: (1) hydraulic retention time, (2) dissolved oxygen concentration, and (3) elimination of the oxygen limitation. After the acclimation period (≈10 d), the loading test with the individual packings showed the following maximum degradation rates: sintered glass 34, polyurethane foam 12, expanded slate 11.5, and cocoa-fibers 7.7 kg m-3 d-1. All these values were reached at a removal efficiency >99 % and with oxygen in excess. Under these conditions, the pH of the diluted unbuffered medium in the reactor effluent was 3.2-4.0 and no incompletely oxidized metabolic intermediates were found. The free cell concentration in the effluent increased after the phenol overloading time period.