Creep damage of BGA solder interconnects subjected to thermal cycling and isothermal ageing

Joshua A. Depiver, Sabuj Mallik, Dani Harmanto, Emeka H. Amalu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Solder joints of electronic components are the most critical part of any electronic device. Their untimely failure during the system’s operation often culminates in
catastrophic failure of the device. The determination of creep damage in electronic component solder joint is vital to the prediction of crack initiation and prevention of premature failure. This paper presents the creep damage in solder joints in a ball grid array (BGA) soldered on a printed circuit board (PCB) and subjected to thermal cycling as well as isothermal ageing. ANSYS 19.0 package
is employed to model the isothermal ageing at -40, 25, 75 and 150℃ temperatures for 45 days. Standard temperature cycle profile is used to simulate the effect of the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) mismatch on the bonded materials in the BGA component. The solders studied are lead-based eutectic solder alloy and lead-free SAC396, SAC387, and SAC305. Based on the results obtained for the stress, strain rate, deformation rate and strain energy of the solders, the research investigation advises on the most effective solder for achieving improvement in the thermo-mechanical reliability of solder joints in BGA soldered on PCB.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 IEEE 21st Electronics Packaging Technology Conference (EPTC)
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781728138350
ISBN (Print)9781728138367
Publication statusPublished - 6 Dec 2019
Event21st IEEE Electronics Packaging Technology Conference - Marina Bay Sands, Singapore, Singapore
Duration: 4 Dec 20196 Dec 2019

Publication series

Name2019 IEEE 21st Electronics Packaging Technology Conference, EPTC 2019


Conference21st IEEE Electronics Packaging Technology Conference
Abbreviated titleEPTC 2019
Internet address

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 IEEE.


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