University campuses, residential neighbourhoods and other urban areas have different needs for energy solutions. The formulation and comparison of these solutions demands well-defined concepts and robust decision support tools. This paper proposes the following definition: “Energy positive neighbourhoods are those in which the annual energy demand is lower than annual energy supply from local renewable energy sources. Short-term imbalances … are corrected with national energy supplies. The aim is to provide a functional, healthy, user friendly environment with as low energy demand and little environmental impact as possible.” Key performance indicators are proposed along with an ‘energy positivity label’. A decision support tool for the long term planning of neighbourhood energy solutions is described which is currently being used to evaluate a university campus in France and a residential neighbourhood in Finland. The research presented extends the limits of current approaches to energy analyses from individual buildings to neighbourhood level.
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
|Event||10th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems - Dubrovnik, Croatia|
Duration: 27 Sep 2015 → 3 Oct 2015
|Conference||10th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems|
|Period||27/09/15 → 3/10/15|