Determining the impacts of environmental parameters on model microbial community dynamics isolated from Rustumihia WWTP/Iraq

T. Noor, T. K. Ralebitso-Senior, M. Sarker, D. Wright

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Abstract

The composition of Rustumihia microbial community and their diversity with o-xylene-contaminants were investigated by applying molecular techniques, Polymerase chain reaction and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR and DGGE) via investigating 16S rRNA gene fragments and understand the interrelationships between microbial community composition and structure for established microbial model community isolated from Rustumihia WWTP. To this end, that the established consortium could be used to assess the microbial response as defined by diversity and richness shifts, which are linked to changes in growth conditions. In this research paper a synthetic consortium was created by isolating indigenous microbial community members from the Rustumihia WWTP and subjecting consortium to different pH of (6.5, 7.0 and 7.5) and o-xylene concentrations of (0.5, 5 and 50 Mm) and temperatures (25C, 35C, 45C and 55C). The results of this study indicated that the high o-xylene concentration of 50 mM was tolerated and degraded effectively at 35C and 55C, and pH 6.5 (P < 0.001). Bacterial richness and diversity were recorded according to the Hill parameters of 0 D, 1 D and D under each of the growth conditions, and then linked to the o-xylene degradation efficiency. At 35C and pH 6.5, the consortium achieved high degradation percentage for each of 0.5, 5 and 50 mM of o-xylene with values 73.1%, 94.8% and 63.08%, respectively. The current study is the first of its kind in Iraq. It investigates the enrichment, isolation, and identification of a microbial community from the Rustumihia WWTP and determines the efficiency of the isolates to tolerate and degrade o-xylene, highlighting their sole source of hydrocarbon. This research underscores the usefulness of molecular techniques for both diversity and richness to understand the ecological impact of o-xylene as a contaminant and to identify potential molecular techniques for detection of gene that is responsible for o-xylene degradation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012015
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Volume871
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jun 2020
Event1st International Conference of Pure and Engineering Sciences - Karbala, Iraq
Duration: 26 Feb 202027 Feb 2020

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© 2020 Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.

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Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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