The effect of introducing kerosene drops on turbulence of kerosene–water two-phase in a vertical pipe is investigated experimentally. A hot-film and dual optical probes are used to measure the water velocity, turbulence fluctuation, drop relative velocity, volume fraction and drop diameter. Experiments are performed in a 78.8 mm diameter vertical pipe for four average water velocities of 0.11, 0.29, 0.44 and 0.77 m/s. The measurements were carried out for two area average volume fraction 〈α 〉 of 4.6% and 9.2% as well as for water single phase flow to investigate the effect of introducing kerosene drops on two-phase flow turbulence. The kerosene–water mixture was generated by adding the kerosene to constant flow rates of water. The results indicate that drops induced turbulence is a function of the ratio of the drop Reynolds number (UrdB/ν)(UrdB/ν) to the turbulence Reynolds number (u′Lt/ν)(u′Lt/ν) which decreased with higher water velocities. The results show that the Kolmogorov–Richardson scaling in the range of −4.5/3 to −6/3 for single phase flow which is replaced by −6/3 to −7/3 for two-phase flow. These values are less than −8/3 for air–water flow.
|Journal||International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow|
|Publication status||Published - 6 Aug 2015|