Effectiveness of individual and group programmes to treat obesity and reduce cardiovascular disease risk factors in pre‐pubertal children

Nathalie J. Farpour‐lambert, Xavier E. Martin, Sophie Bucher Della Torre, Lydia Von Haller, Louisa J. Ells, François R. Herrmann, Yacine Aggoun

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    Abstract

    Childhood obesity results in premature atherosclerosis and requires early intervention. Compare the effectiveness of 6-month lifestyle interventions (with choice of either individual or group therapy) with standard care on body mass index (BMI) z-score and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks factors in children with obesity. This 6-month randomized controlled trial with a 6-month follow-up included 74 pre-pubertal children with obesity (7.5-11.9 years) assigned randomly (2:1) to intervention or control. Families in the intervention arm choose between an individually delivered treatment (3 hours paediatrician + 4 hours dietician) or group treatment (35 hours with a multidisciplinary team). Children participated also to a weekly physical activity programme. We measured BMI, BMI z-score; waist circumference (WC); total and abdominal fat; blood pressure; common carotid artery intima-media thickness and incremental elastic modulus (Einc); endothelium-dependent and independent dilation (nitroglycerin-mediated dilation [NTGMD]) of the brachial artery; fasting plasma glucose, insulin, lipids; and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP). Compared to controls, at 6 months, abdominal fat and hs-CRP were reduced in both interventions. The group intervention was also effective in reducing BMI (-0.55 kg/m2 ; 95% confidence interval -1.16 to 0.06) and BMI z-score (-0.08; -0.15 to 0.00) at 6 months and BMI, BMI z-score, WC, NTGMD, total and abdominal fat at 12 months. Abdominal fat and low-grade inflammation were significantly decreased in both interventions. High-intensity group treatment improved early signs of atherosclerosis in children with obesity. These findings are important for the promotion of cardiometabolic health in this population.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere12335
    Number of pages12
    JournalClinical obesity
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2019

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    Farpour‐lambert, N. J., Martin, X. E., Bucher Della Torre, S., Von Haller, L., Ells, L. J., Herrmann, F. R., & Aggoun, Y. (2019). Effectiveness of individual and group programmes to treat obesity and reduce cardiovascular disease risk factors in pre‐pubertal children. Clinical obesity, [e12335]. https://doi.org/10.1111/cob.12335