Effects of fuel Lewis number on localised forced ignition of turbulent homogeneous mixtures: A numerical investigation.

Dipal Patel, Nilanjan Chakraborty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The influences of fuel Lewis number LeF (ranging from 0.8 to 1.2) on localised forced ignition and early stages of combustion of stoichiometric and fuel-lean homogeneous mixtures have been analysed using simple chemistry three-dimensional compressible direct numerical simulations for different values of root-mean-square velocity fluctuation and the energy deposition characteristics (i.e. characteristic width and the duration of energy deposition by the ignitor). The localised forced ignition is modelled using a source term in the energy transport equation, which deposits energy in a Gaussian manner from the centre of the ignitor over a stipulated period of time. The fuel Lewis number LeF has been found to have significant influences on the extent of burning of stoichiometric and fuel-lean homogeneous mixtures. It has been shown that the width of ignition energy deposition and the duration over which the ignition energy is deposited have significant influences on the success of ignition and subsequent flame propagation. An increase in the width of ignition energy deposition and the duration of energy deposition for a given amount of ignition energy have been found to have detrimental effects on the ignition event, which may ultimately lead to misfire. For a given value of 푢' (LeF), the rate of heat transfer from the hot gas kernel increases with increasing LeF(푢'), which in turn leads to a reduction in the extent of overall burning for both stoichiometric and fuel-lean homogeneous mixtures but the detrimental effects of high values of 푢' on localised forced ignition are particularly prevalent for fuel-lean mixtures. Detailed physical explanations have been provided for the observed Le퐹,푢' and energy deposition characteristics effects.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-196
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Spray and Combustion Dynamics
Volume8
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jun 2016

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