Efficient background subtraction for real-time tracking in embedded camera networks

Yiran Shen, Wen Hu, Junbin Liu, Mingrui Yang, B. (Bo) Wei, Chun Tung Chou

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Abstract

    Background subtraction is often the first step of many computer vision applications. For a background subtraction method to be useful in embedded camera networks, it must be both accurate and computationally efficient because of the resource constraints on embedded platforms. This makes many traditional background subtraction algorithms unsuitable for embedded platforms because they use complex statistical models to handle subtle illumination changes. These models make them accurate but the computational requirement of these complex models is often too high for embedded platforms. In this paper, we propose a new background subtraction method which is both accurate and computational efficient. The key idea is to use compressive sensing to reduce the dimensionality of the data while retaining most of the information. By using multiple datasets, we show that the accuracy of our proposed background subtraction method is comparable to that of the traditional background subtraction methods. Moreover, real implementation on an embedded camera platform shows that our proposed method is at least 5 times faster, and consumes significantly less energy and memory resources than the conventional approaches. Finally, we demonstrated the feasibility of the proposed method by the implementation and evaluation of an end-to-end real-time embedded camera network target tracking application.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 10th ACM Conference on Embedded Network Sensor Systems
    Subtitle of host publicationSenSys '12
    Place of PublicationNew York
    PublisherACM
    Pages295-308
    ISBN (Print)9781450311694
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

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  • Cite this

    Shen, Y., Hu, W., Liu, J., Yang, M., Wei, B. B., & Chou, C. T. (2012). Efficient background subtraction for real-time tracking in embedded camera networks. In Proceedings of the 10th ACM Conference on Embedded Network Sensor Systems: SenSys '12 (pp. 295-308). ACM. https://doi.org/10.1145/2426656.2426686