Energy-Efficient Routing Using Fuzzy Neural Network in Wireless Sensor Networks

Rajesh Kumar Varun, Rakesh C. Gangwar, Omprakash Kaiwartya, Geetika Aggarwal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In wireless sensor networks, energy is a precious resource that should be utilized wisely to improve its life. Uneven distribution of load over sensor devices is also the reason for the depletion of energy that can cause interruptions in network operations as well. For the next generation's ubiquitous sensor networks, a single artificial intelligence methodology is not able to resolve the issue of energy and load. Therefore, this paper proposes an energy-efficient routing using a fuzzy neural network (ERFN) to minimize the energy consumption while fairly equalizing energy consumption among sensors thus as to prolong the lifetime of the WSN. The algorithm utilizes fuzzy logic and neural network concepts for the intelligent selection of cluster head (CH) that will precisely consume equal energy of the sensors. In this work, fuzzy rules, sets, and membership functions are developed to make decisions regarding next-hop selection based on the total residual energy, link quality, and forward progress towards the sink. The developed algorithm ERFN proofs its efficiency as compared to the state-of-the-art algorithms concerning the number of alive nodes, percentage of dead nodes, average energy decay, and standard deviation of residual energy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5113591
JournalWireless Communications and Mobile Computing
Publication statusPublished - 10 Aug 2021
Externally publishedYes

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© 2021 Rajesh Kumar Varun et al.


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