Environment and air pollution: health services bequeath to grotesque menace

Muhammad Imran Qureshi, Amran Md Rasli, Usama Awan, Jian Ma, Ghulam Ali, Faridullah, Arif Alam, Faiza Sajjad, Khalid Zaman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


The objective of the study is to establish the link between air pollution, fossil fuel energy consumption, industrialization, alternative and nuclear energy, combustible renewable and wastes, urbanization, and resulting impact on health services in Malaysia. The study employed two-stage least square regression technique on the time series data from 1975 to 2012 to possibly minimize the problem of endogeniety in the health services model. The results in general show that air pollution and environmental indicators act as a strong contributor to influence Malaysian health services. Urbanization and nuclear energy consumption both significantly increases the life expectancy in Malaysia, while fertility rate decreases along with the increasing urbanization in a country. Fossil fuel energy consumption and industrialization both have an indirect relationship with the infant mortality rate, whereas, carbon dioxide emissions have a direct relationship with the sanitation facility in a country. The results conclude that balancing the air pollution, environment, and health services needs strong policy vistas on the end of the government officials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3467-3476
Number of pages10
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 23 Sept 2014

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© 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


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