Evaluation of Signal Attenuation for Bluetooth, ZigBee and Sound in Foliage

Kuruvilla Mathew, Biju Issac, Chong Eng Tan

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Rural environments have been struggling to get connected due to various reasons, one of them being the fact that the signal attenuation is too high in foliage, drastically affecting range and power consumption. This study evaluates the effect of foliage in the attenuation of 2.4 GHz signals, namely Bluetooth and ZigBee. An alternate candidate signal, sound is also analyzed in a similar environment. In order to further the experiment, a simulation model using Omnet++ was created and the alpha value, which marks the environmental constant was noted. We have concluded from the study that the signal attenuation for the 2.4 GHz signals are very high in foliage. The high frequency sound signals also suffered drastic signal loss in foliage, but the low frequencies penetrated quite well. Therefore, high frequency signals are poor candidate carrier signals for such environments.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 23 May 2017
Event10th International Conference of Information Technology in Asia - Kuching, Malaysia
Duration: 23 May 201724 May 2017

Conference

Conference10th International Conference of Information Technology in Asia
Abbreviated titleCITA 2017
CountryMalaysia
CityKuching
Period23/05/1724/05/17

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Zigbee
Bluetooth
Acoustic waves
Electric power utilization

Cite this

Mathew, K., Issac, B., & Tan, C. E. (2017). Evaluation of Signal Attenuation for Bluetooth, ZigBee and Sound in Foliage. Paper presented at 10th International Conference of Information Technology in Asia, Kuching, Malaysia.
Mathew, Kuruvilla ; Issac, Biju ; Tan, Chong Eng. / Evaluation of Signal Attenuation for Bluetooth, ZigBee and Sound in Foliage. Paper presented at 10th International Conference of Information Technology in Asia, Kuching, Malaysia.
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abstract = "Rural environments have been struggling to get connected due to various reasons, one of them being the fact that the signal attenuation is too high in foliage, drastically affecting range and power consumption. This study evaluates the effect of foliage in the attenuation of 2.4 GHz signals, namely Bluetooth and ZigBee. An alternate candidate signal, sound is also analyzed in a similar environment. In order to further the experiment, a simulation model using Omnet++ was created and the alpha value, which marks the environmental constant was noted. We have concluded from the study that the signal attenuation for the 2.4 GHz signals are very high in foliage. The high frequency sound signals also suffered drastic signal loss in foliage, but the low frequencies penetrated quite well. Therefore, high frequency signals are poor candidate carrier signals for such environments.",
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Mathew, K, Issac, B & Tan, CE 2017, 'Evaluation of Signal Attenuation for Bluetooth, ZigBee and Sound in Foliage' Paper presented at 10th International Conference of Information Technology in Asia, Kuching, Malaysia, 23/05/17 - 24/05/17, .

Evaluation of Signal Attenuation for Bluetooth, ZigBee and Sound in Foliage. / Mathew, Kuruvilla; Issac, Biju; Tan, Chong Eng.

2017. Paper presented at 10th International Conference of Information Technology in Asia, Kuching, Malaysia.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Evaluation of Signal Attenuation for Bluetooth, ZigBee and Sound in Foliage

AU - Mathew, Kuruvilla

AU - Issac, Biju

AU - Tan, Chong Eng

PY - 2017/5/23

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N2 - Rural environments have been struggling to get connected due to various reasons, one of them being the fact that the signal attenuation is too high in foliage, drastically affecting range and power consumption. This study evaluates the effect of foliage in the attenuation of 2.4 GHz signals, namely Bluetooth and ZigBee. An alternate candidate signal, sound is also analyzed in a similar environment. In order to further the experiment, a simulation model using Omnet++ was created and the alpha value, which marks the environmental constant was noted. We have concluded from the study that the signal attenuation for the 2.4 GHz signals are very high in foliage. The high frequency sound signals also suffered drastic signal loss in foliage, but the low frequencies penetrated quite well. Therefore, high frequency signals are poor candidate carrier signals for such environments.

AB - Rural environments have been struggling to get connected due to various reasons, one of them being the fact that the signal attenuation is too high in foliage, drastically affecting range and power consumption. This study evaluates the effect of foliage in the attenuation of 2.4 GHz signals, namely Bluetooth and ZigBee. An alternate candidate signal, sound is also analyzed in a similar environment. In order to further the experiment, a simulation model using Omnet++ was created and the alpha value, which marks the environmental constant was noted. We have concluded from the study that the signal attenuation for the 2.4 GHz signals are very high in foliage. The high frequency sound signals also suffered drastic signal loss in foliage, but the low frequencies penetrated quite well. Therefore, high frequency signals are poor candidate carrier signals for such environments.

M3 - Paper

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Mathew K, Issac B, Tan CE. Evaluation of Signal Attenuation for Bluetooth, ZigBee and Sound in Foliage. 2017. Paper presented at 10th International Conference of Information Technology in Asia, Kuching, Malaysia.