Evolution of Electricity Sector in India: Toward Smart Metering and Sustainable Development

G. S. Krishna Priya, Gobind Pillai, Arnab Jana, Ahana Sarkar, Neenu Thomas, Tracey Crosbie, Dana Abi Ghanem, Gillian Waller, Andrew Divers, Dorothy Newbury-Birch, Santanu Bandyopadhyay

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


India is presently the third-largest producer of electricity globally, and the growth of this sector has depended on policy decisions and legislative interventions since independence. This chapter examines the combined effects of various legislations and policy initiatives on the power sector with a focus on sustainable development, specifically the real-world consequences of these changes and their impact on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In addition, the evolution of metering in the Indian power sector through policy and legislation is also examined in detail. The recent focus on compulsory smart metering is studied in the Indian context and compared to various international initiatives. It can be concluded that smart metering can aid in reducing the financial burden on the presently distressed distribution sector while working toward achieving the related SDGs. The various challenges that are likely to be faced during the implementation of smart metering and examples of successful interventions from other countries are discussed. It is concluded that smart metering with adequate institutional support and awareness can aid in the sustainable and financially viable development of the Indian power sector.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Urban Design and Engineering
EditorsP Banerji, A Jana
ISBN (Electronic)9789811904127
ISBN (Print)9789811904110
Publication statusPublished - 11 Apr 2022


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