Explorative study of the influence of the mobileFloww device on the circulation of the blood flow in the ear using Cytocam incident dark field (IDF) video microscopy

Can Ince, Anna Van Wersch, Paul Mak

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Abstract

Background: Scientific studies confirm that electromagnetic radiation (EMR) can have adverse effects on the body. Floww Health Technology (FHT) is designed to eliminate the adverse symptoms of radiation and to support and enhance the natural energy of the body by converting harmful radiation into body friendly radiation frequencies (Westerman, 2013). To date there is a lack of scientific evidence supporting these claims. Methods: The setup was an explorative pilot study executed in a clinical university environment by an expert with no relations with FHT, supervised by a second university. The participants were volunteers. Each participant was measured at four moments: a baseline, after 5 minutes with a smartphone, after a rest period of 5 minutes and after 5 minutes with a smartphone with a mobileFloww device attached. Observations of the blood circulation were accomplished using the Cytocam, a novel third-generation computer controlled imaging sensor based microscope, which incorporates IDF. (Aykut et al., 2015, Sherman et al., 1971) Microcirculatory blood circulation was imaged on the skin surface near the ear. The primary outcome was the change in mean blood flow index (MFI) that is calculated from the Cytocam data, divided into three categories for blood flow speed. Results: Seven healthy male participants were assessed. The MFI and Perfused Vessel Density (PVD) showed a significant decrease for the mobileFloww (p=0.03, p=0.03). Vessel diameter and blood volume showed a significant increase (p=0.04, p=0.04) for the lowest speed category. The mean number of data points across participants for the three flow speed categories was 239, 1375 and 1847 respectively. The distribution of data points across flow speed categories showed a significant shift towards lower flow speed with a mobileFloww compared to without (p=0.02). Conclusions: The interpretation of these results seems to suggest that there might be an effect of a larger relaxation of the vessel wall with the use of Floww technology. It is clear that these results show that interpretation of the results is feasible and that the effects of Floww technology on the blood flow properties of the ear microcirculation could be evaluated. However, a more comprehensive study is needed to support the initial impressions obtained from this pilot study. More subjects and more elaborate quantitative analysis of blood flow measurements is required.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages0
Publication statusPublished - 16 Oct 2015

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Video Microscopy
Blood Circulation
Ear
Equipment and Supplies
Biomedical Technology
Radiation
Technology
Electromagnetic Radiation
Microcirculation
Blood Volume
Volunteers
Healthy Volunteers
Skin

Bibliographical note

Study funded by a Nicola Tesla Fellowship through the Social Futures Institute, School of Social Sciences, Business & Law, Teesside University, Middlesbrough. Copyright held by Teesside University.

Cite this

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title = "Explorative study of the influence of the mobileFloww device on the circulation of the blood flow in the ear using Cytocam incident dark field (IDF) video microscopy",
abstract = "Background: Scientific studies confirm that electromagnetic radiation (EMR) can have adverse effects on the body. Floww Health Technology (FHT) is designed to eliminate the adverse symptoms of radiation and to support and enhance the natural energy of the body by converting harmful radiation into body friendly radiation frequencies (Westerman, 2013). To date there is a lack of scientific evidence supporting these claims. Methods: The setup was an explorative pilot study executed in a clinical university environment by an expert with no relations with FHT, supervised by a second university. The participants were volunteers. Each participant was measured at four moments: a baseline, after 5 minutes with a smartphone, after a rest period of 5 minutes and after 5 minutes with a smartphone with a mobileFloww device attached. Observations of the blood circulation were accomplished using the Cytocam, a novel third-generation computer controlled imaging sensor based microscope, which incorporates IDF. (Aykut et al., 2015, Sherman et al., 1971) Microcirculatory blood circulation was imaged on the skin surface near the ear. The primary outcome was the change in mean blood flow index (MFI) that is calculated from the Cytocam data, divided into three categories for blood flow speed. Results: Seven healthy male participants were assessed. The MFI and Perfused Vessel Density (PVD) showed a significant decrease for the mobileFloww (p=0.03, p=0.03). Vessel diameter and blood volume showed a significant increase (p=0.04, p=0.04) for the lowest speed category. The mean number of data points across participants for the three flow speed categories was 239, 1375 and 1847 respectively. The distribution of data points across flow speed categories showed a significant shift towards lower flow speed with a mobileFloww compared to without (p=0.02). Conclusions: The interpretation of these results seems to suggest that there might be an effect of a larger relaxation of the vessel wall with the use of Floww technology. It is clear that these results show that interpretation of the results is feasible and that the effects of Floww technology on the blood flow properties of the ear microcirculation could be evaluated. However, a more comprehensive study is needed to support the initial impressions obtained from this pilot study. More subjects and more elaborate quantitative analysis of blood flow measurements is required.",
author = "Can Ince and {Van Wersch}, Anna and Paul Mak",
note = "Study funded by a Nicola Tesla Fellowship through the Social Futures Institute, School of Social Sciences, Business & Law, Teesside University, Middlesbrough. Copyright held by Teesside University.",
year = "2015",
month = "10",
day = "16",
language = "English",

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AU - Ince, Can

AU - Van Wersch, Anna

AU - Mak, Paul

N1 - Study funded by a Nicola Tesla Fellowship through the Social Futures Institute, School of Social Sciences, Business & Law, Teesside University, Middlesbrough. Copyright held by Teesside University.

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N2 - Background: Scientific studies confirm that electromagnetic radiation (EMR) can have adverse effects on the body. Floww Health Technology (FHT) is designed to eliminate the adverse symptoms of radiation and to support and enhance the natural energy of the body by converting harmful radiation into body friendly radiation frequencies (Westerman, 2013). To date there is a lack of scientific evidence supporting these claims. Methods: The setup was an explorative pilot study executed in a clinical university environment by an expert with no relations with FHT, supervised by a second university. The participants were volunteers. Each participant was measured at four moments: a baseline, after 5 minutes with a smartphone, after a rest period of 5 minutes and after 5 minutes with a smartphone with a mobileFloww device attached. Observations of the blood circulation were accomplished using the Cytocam, a novel third-generation computer controlled imaging sensor based microscope, which incorporates IDF. (Aykut et al., 2015, Sherman et al., 1971) Microcirculatory blood circulation was imaged on the skin surface near the ear. The primary outcome was the change in mean blood flow index (MFI) that is calculated from the Cytocam data, divided into three categories for blood flow speed. Results: Seven healthy male participants were assessed. The MFI and Perfused Vessel Density (PVD) showed a significant decrease for the mobileFloww (p=0.03, p=0.03). Vessel diameter and blood volume showed a significant increase (p=0.04, p=0.04) for the lowest speed category. The mean number of data points across participants for the three flow speed categories was 239, 1375 and 1847 respectively. The distribution of data points across flow speed categories showed a significant shift towards lower flow speed with a mobileFloww compared to without (p=0.02). Conclusions: The interpretation of these results seems to suggest that there might be an effect of a larger relaxation of the vessel wall with the use of Floww technology. It is clear that these results show that interpretation of the results is feasible and that the effects of Floww technology on the blood flow properties of the ear microcirculation could be evaluated. However, a more comprehensive study is needed to support the initial impressions obtained from this pilot study. More subjects and more elaborate quantitative analysis of blood flow measurements is required.

AB - Background: Scientific studies confirm that electromagnetic radiation (EMR) can have adverse effects on the body. Floww Health Technology (FHT) is designed to eliminate the adverse symptoms of radiation and to support and enhance the natural energy of the body by converting harmful radiation into body friendly radiation frequencies (Westerman, 2013). To date there is a lack of scientific evidence supporting these claims. Methods: The setup was an explorative pilot study executed in a clinical university environment by an expert with no relations with FHT, supervised by a second university. The participants were volunteers. Each participant was measured at four moments: a baseline, after 5 minutes with a smartphone, after a rest period of 5 minutes and after 5 minutes with a smartphone with a mobileFloww device attached. Observations of the blood circulation were accomplished using the Cytocam, a novel third-generation computer controlled imaging sensor based microscope, which incorporates IDF. (Aykut et al., 2015, Sherman et al., 1971) Microcirculatory blood circulation was imaged on the skin surface near the ear. The primary outcome was the change in mean blood flow index (MFI) that is calculated from the Cytocam data, divided into three categories for blood flow speed. Results: Seven healthy male participants were assessed. The MFI and Perfused Vessel Density (PVD) showed a significant decrease for the mobileFloww (p=0.03, p=0.03). Vessel diameter and blood volume showed a significant increase (p=0.04, p=0.04) for the lowest speed category. The mean number of data points across participants for the three flow speed categories was 239, 1375 and 1847 respectively. The distribution of data points across flow speed categories showed a significant shift towards lower flow speed with a mobileFloww compared to without (p=0.02). Conclusions: The interpretation of these results seems to suggest that there might be an effect of a larger relaxation of the vessel wall with the use of Floww technology. It is clear that these results show that interpretation of the results is feasible and that the effects of Floww technology on the blood flow properties of the ear microcirculation could be evaluated. However, a more comprehensive study is needed to support the initial impressions obtained from this pilot study. More subjects and more elaborate quantitative analysis of blood flow measurements is required.

M3 - Commissioned report

BT - Explorative study of the influence of the mobileFloww device on the circulation of the blood flow in the ear using Cytocam incident dark field (IDF) video microscopy

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