Fabrication of titania coatings on stainless steel via laser-induced deposition of colloidal titanium oxide from sol-gel suspension

Y. Adraider, Y. X. Pang, M. C. Sharp, S. N. Hodgson, F. Nabhani, A. Al-Waidh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


A novel processing route that exploits the application of laser energy to induce deposition of colloidal titania (TiO2) from sol-gel suspension was developed to produce titania coatings onto stainless steel (AISI316) substrate. Various laser parameters were investigated in order to establish the feasibility and to work out the key factors and optimal conditions for effectively fabricating these coatings on the substrate. The SEM, EDS, ATR-FTIR, XRD, and contact angle measurement were employed to analyse surface morphology, phase composition, crystalline structure, and the surface properties of the deposited titania coatings. Results show that the laser energy density plays a key role in controlling the deposition process and the deposited coating's properties, whilst traverse speed is also an effective factor. Higher laser energy density delivered to the specific area leads to thicker coatings and higher crystalline phases in the deposited coatings. At lowest energy density of 4.4 J mm-2 tested in this work, the deposited coating is mainly amorphous, although a small amount of anatase phase is detectable. More crystalline phases are formed including anatase, rutile, substoichiometric titanium oxides, ilmenite and hematite when the laser energy density is increased to 8.7-17.4 J mm-2. Further increases in laser energy density to 21.7 J mm-2 results in an increase in the amount of rutile phase and the disappearance of substoichiometric titanium oxide phase. The coated surfaces show an elemental composition very close to the theoretical atomic ratio of TiO2 which is significantly different from that of the as-dried coating from the same sol. Laser irradiation over a control solution, which has the same composition as the titania sol, but without the titania precursor, was also carried out and the result showed that no change on the solution composition was detected under all laser conditions, but slight oxidation of the substrate was observed at the higher laser energy density.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-252
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2013


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