Coriolis flowmeters are well established for the mass flow measurement of single-phase flow with high accuracy. In recent years, attempts have been made to apply Coriolis flowmeters to measure two-phase flow. This paper presents data driven models that are incorporated into Coriolis flowmeters to measure both the liquid mass flowrate and the gas volume fraction of a two-phase flow mixture. Experimental work was conducted on a purpose-built two-phase flow test rig on both horizontal and vertical pipelines for a liquid mass flowrate ranging from 700 to 14500 kg/h and a gas volume fraction between 0% and 30%. Artificial neural network (ANN), support vector machine (SVM), and genetic programming (GP) models are established through training with the experimental data. The performance of backpropagation-ANN (BP-ANN), radial basis function-ANN (RBF-ANN), SVM, and GP models is assessed and compared. Experimental results suggest that the SVM models are superior to the BP-ANN, RBF-ANN, and GP models for two-phase flow measurement in terms of robustness and accuracy. For liquid mass flowrate measurement with the SVM models, 93.49% of the experimental data yield a relative error less than ±1% on the horizontal pipeline, while 96.17% of the results are within ±1% on the vertical installation. The SVM models predict the gas volume fraction with a relative error less than ±10% for 93.10% and 94.25% of the test conditions on the horizontal and vertical installations, respectively.
|Number of pages||17|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement|
|Early online date||19 Dec 2016|
|Publication status||Published - 31 May 2017|