Hip replacement simulator for predicting dislocation risk

Neil Vaughan, Venketesh Dubey

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Abstract

    This paper reports development of a novel haptic 3D computer-based hip replacement simulator. A haptic device provides a kinesthetic interface in a virtual environment to conduct hip surgery. Predictive software enables modelling the risk of hip dislocation which was missing from previous simulators. The developed neural network autonomously matches compatible implant components from a library of industry standard part codes and sizes. The parameter driven simulator enables patient-specific modeling of femur and acetabulum. Combining haptic feedback with 3D graphics, the simulator enables training and assessment of orthopedic surgeons. The simulator includes haptic feedback for the orthopedic tools including reamer, saws, hip stems, acetabular cup implants. The hip replacement simulator allows surgeons to practice placing the stem and cup, providing a haptic sense of touch to replicate the in-vivo procedure. The novel capability to assess risk of dislocation could reduce post-operative dislocation. Enhancing the skill and accuracy of trainee hip surgeons can reduce the number of revision surgeries required, extend the life of artificial hip implants and improve patient safety, reducing costs for the health service.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference
    PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers(ASME)
    ISBN (Print)9780791850084
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 5 Dec 2016
    EventASME 2016 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference - Charlotte, United States
    Duration: 21 Aug 201624 Aug 2016

    Conference

    ConferenceASME 2016 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
    CountryUnited States
    CityCharlotte
    Period21/08/1624/08/16

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  • Cite this

    Vaughan, N., & Dubey, V. (2016). Hip replacement simulator for predicting dislocation risk. In Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference American Society of Mechanical Engineers(ASME). https://doi.org/10.1115/DETC2016-59286