Inclusive Education Management Evaluation System 'IEMES' Model for Special Needs Institutes of Pakistan and China

Anam Ashraf, Xiaoxian Zhu, Qasim Rauf

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


In the new global technological era, management evaluation is a central process of inclusive education. Inclusive education is vital in the new millennium as the right to education is universal for children, youth, and adults with special needs. Unlike in China, Pakistan does not have a fully-fledged system for inclusive education based on the identification of having any specific disability.
This study had in-depth reviews on Pakistan China inclusive education policies. Pertaining the consequences of the study it will improvise and raise with the important issues of the existing situation and develop a process for addressing the inspected situation. The study used mixed methodology as the research design to explain the current trends existing in the study area. It investigated 32 schools in Pakistan with altogether 255 people including school administrators, teachers, school board members, and parents. Two schools of China which involve observations and in-depth interviews with concerned people including principles and a special education instructor, a speech pathologist and teachers to learn about the best practices of inclusive study.
This study found several inclusive education differences between Pakistan and China. The current findings inform a model for management evaluation from the perspective of inclusive education in Pakistan that can benefit the inclusive education system and special needs children.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2018 International Conference on Education Technology Management
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4503-6630-4
Publication statusPublished - 19 Dec 2018
EventInternational Conference on Education Technology Management 2018 - University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Duration: 19 Dec 201821 Dec 2018


ConferenceInternational Conference on Education Technology Management 2018
Abbreviated titleICETM 2018
Internet address


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