This paper examines the inter- and intra-regional spillover effects across international stock markets in London, Paris, Frankfurt, Toronto, New York, Tokyo, Shanghai, Hong Kong, and Mumbai by using both symmetric and asymmetric causality tests. The obtained results show that the inter-regional spillover effect in daytime returns is stronger and more frequent than the intra-regional one. The asymmetric spillover effect is evident for price shocks originating from Asian markets. In addition, the empirical results show that the Shanghai stock market is the least integrated of all nine markets considered.
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