Interventions for preventing obesity in children

Tamara Brown, Theresa Hm Moore, Lee Hooper, Yang Gao, Amir Zayegh, Sharea Ijaz, Martha Elwenspoek, Sophie C. Foxen, Lucia Magee, Claire O’Malley, Elizabeth Waters, Carolyn D. Summerbell

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Prevention of childhood obesity is an international public health priority given the significant impact of obesity on acute and chronic diseases, general health, development and well-being. The international evidence base for strategies to prevent obesity is very large and is accumulating rapidly. This is an update of a previous review. Objectives To determine the effectiveness of a range of interventions that include diet or physical activity components, or both, designed to prevent obesity in children. Search methods We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PsychINFO and CINAHL in June 2015. We re-ran the search from June 2015 to January 2018 and included a search of trial registers. Selection criteria Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of diet or physical activity interventions, or combined diet and physical activity interventions, for preventing overweight or obesity in children (0-17 years) that reported outcomes at a minimum of 12 weeks from baseline. Data collection and analysis Two authors independently extracted data, assessed risk-of-bias and evaluated overall certainty of the evidence using GRADE. We extracted data on adiposity outcomes, sociodemographic characteristics, adverse events, intervention process and costs. We meta analysed data as guided by the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions and presented separate meta-analyses by age group for child 0 to 5 years, 6 to 12 years, and 13 to 18 years for zBMI and BMI.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberCD001871
JournalCochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Volume2019
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jul 2019

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Pediatric Obesity
Exercise
Diet
Obesity
Health Priorities
Adiposity
Acute Disease
MEDLINE
Patient Selection
Meta-Analysis
Chronic Disease
Randomized Controlled Trials
Public Health
Age Groups
Costs and Cost Analysis
Health

Cite this

Brown, T., Moore, T. H., Hooper, L., Gao, Y., Zayegh, A., Ijaz, S., ... Summerbell, C. D. (2019). Interventions for preventing obesity in children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2019(7), [CD001871]. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD001871.pub4
Brown, Tamara ; Moore, Theresa Hm ; Hooper, Lee ; Gao, Yang ; Zayegh, Amir ; Ijaz, Sharea ; Elwenspoek, Martha ; Foxen, Sophie C. ; Magee, Lucia ; O’Malley, Claire ; Waters, Elizabeth ; Summerbell, Carolyn D. / Interventions for preventing obesity in children. In: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2019 ; Vol. 2019, No. 7.
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Brown, T, Moore, TH, Hooper, L, Gao, Y, Zayegh, A, Ijaz, S, Elwenspoek, M, Foxen, SC, Magee, L, O’Malley, C, Waters, E & Summerbell, CD 2019, 'Interventions for preventing obesity in children', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, vol. 2019, no. 7, CD001871. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD001871.pub4

Interventions for preventing obesity in children. / Brown, Tamara; Moore, Theresa Hm; Hooper, Lee; Gao, Yang; Zayegh, Amir; Ijaz, Sharea; Elwenspoek, Martha; Foxen, Sophie C.; Magee, Lucia; O’Malley, Claire; Waters, Elizabeth; Summerbell, Carolyn D.

In: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Vol. 2019, No. 7, CD001871, 23.07.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Interventions for preventing obesity in children

AU - Brown, Tamara

AU - Moore, Theresa Hm

AU - Hooper, Lee

AU - Gao, Yang

AU - Zayegh, Amir

AU - Ijaz, Sharea

AU - Elwenspoek, Martha

AU - Foxen, Sophie C.

AU - Magee, Lucia

AU - O’Malley, Claire

AU - Waters, Elizabeth

AU - Summerbell, Carolyn D.

PY - 2019/7/23

Y1 - 2019/7/23

N2 - Background Prevention of childhood obesity is an international public health priority given the significant impact of obesity on acute and chronic diseases, general health, development and well-being. The international evidence base for strategies to prevent obesity is very large and is accumulating rapidly. This is an update of a previous review. Objectives To determine the effectiveness of a range of interventions that include diet or physical activity components, or both, designed to prevent obesity in children. Search methods We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PsychINFO and CINAHL in June 2015. We re-ran the search from June 2015 to January 2018 and included a search of trial registers. Selection criteria Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of diet or physical activity interventions, or combined diet and physical activity interventions, for preventing overweight or obesity in children (0-17 years) that reported outcomes at a minimum of 12 weeks from baseline. Data collection and analysis Two authors independently extracted data, assessed risk-of-bias and evaluated overall certainty of the evidence using GRADE. We extracted data on adiposity outcomes, sociodemographic characteristics, adverse events, intervention process and costs. We meta analysed data as guided by the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions and presented separate meta-analyses by age group for child 0 to 5 years, 6 to 12 years, and 13 to 18 years for zBMI and BMI.

AB - Background Prevention of childhood obesity is an international public health priority given the significant impact of obesity on acute and chronic diseases, general health, development and well-being. The international evidence base for strategies to prevent obesity is very large and is accumulating rapidly. This is an update of a previous review. Objectives To determine the effectiveness of a range of interventions that include diet or physical activity components, or both, designed to prevent obesity in children. Search methods We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PsychINFO and CINAHL in June 2015. We re-ran the search from June 2015 to January 2018 and included a search of trial registers. Selection criteria Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of diet or physical activity interventions, or combined diet and physical activity interventions, for preventing overweight or obesity in children (0-17 years) that reported outcomes at a minimum of 12 weeks from baseline. Data collection and analysis Two authors independently extracted data, assessed risk-of-bias and evaluated overall certainty of the evidence using GRADE. We extracted data on adiposity outcomes, sociodemographic characteristics, adverse events, intervention process and costs. We meta analysed data as guided by the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions and presented separate meta-analyses by age group for child 0 to 5 years, 6 to 12 years, and 13 to 18 years for zBMI and BMI.

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U2 - 10.1002/14651858.CD001871.pub4

DO - 10.1002/14651858.CD001871.pub4

M3 - Review article

C2 - 31332776

AN - SCOPUS:85070287164

VL - 2019

JO - The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

JF - The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

SN - 1361-6137

IS - 7

M1 - CD001871

ER -