Interventions for treating children and adolescents with overweight and obesity: An overview of Cochrane reviews

Louisa Ells, Karen Rees, Tamara Brown, Emma Mead, Lena Al-Khudairy, Liane Azevedo, Grant McGeechan, Louise Baur, Emma Loveman, Heather Clements, Pura Rayco-Solon, Nathalie Farpour-Lambert, Alessandro Demaio

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Abstract

Children and adolescents with overweight and obesity are a global health concern. This is an integrative overview of six Cochrane systematic reviews, providing an up to date synthesis of the evidence examining interventions for the treatment of children and adolescents with overweight or obesity. Data extraction and quality assessments for each review were conducted by one author and checked by a second. The six high quality reviews provide evidence on the effectiveness of behaviour changing interventions conducted in children <6yrs (7 trials), 6-11yrs (70 trials), adolescents 12-17yrs (44 trials) and interventions that target only parents of children aged 5-11yrs (20 trials); in addition to interventions examining surgery (1 trial) and drugs (21 trials). Most of the evidence was derived from high income countries and published in the last two decades. Collectively the evidence suggests that multi-component behaviour changing interventions may be beneficial in achieving small reductions in body weight status in children of all ages, with low adverse event occurrence where reported. More research is required to understand which specific intervention components are most effective and in whom, and how best to maintain intervention effects. Evidence from surgical and drug interventions was too limited to make inferences about use and safety, and adverse events were a serious consideration.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1823-1833
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
Volume42
Issue number11
Early online date9 Oct 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 Oct 2018

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Obesity
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Parents
Body Weight
Safety
Research
Therapeutics

Cite this

Ells, Louisa ; Rees, Karen ; Brown, Tamara ; Mead, Emma ; Al-Khudairy, Lena ; Azevedo, Liane ; McGeechan, Grant ; Baur, Louise ; Loveman, Emma ; Clements, Heather ; Rayco-Solon, Pura ; Farpour-Lambert, Nathalie ; Demaio, Alessandro. / Interventions for treating children and adolescents with overweight and obesity : An overview of Cochrane reviews. In: International Journal of Obesity. 2018 ; Vol. 42, No. 11. pp. 1823-1833.
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Ells, L, Rees, K, Brown, T, Mead, E, Al-Khudairy, L, Azevedo, L, McGeechan, G, Baur, L, Loveman, E, Clements, H, Rayco-Solon, P, Farpour-Lambert, N & Demaio, A 2018, 'Interventions for treating children and adolescents with overweight and obesity: An overview of Cochrane reviews', International Journal of Obesity, vol. 42, no. 11, pp. 1823-1833. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41366-018-0230-y

Interventions for treating children and adolescents with overweight and obesity : An overview of Cochrane reviews. / Ells, Louisa; Rees, Karen; Brown, Tamara; Mead, Emma; Al-Khudairy, Lena; Azevedo, Liane; McGeechan, Grant; Baur, Louise; Loveman, Emma; Clements, Heather; Rayco-Solon, Pura ; Farpour-Lambert, Nathalie; Demaio, Alessandro.

In: International Journal of Obesity, Vol. 42, No. 11, 09.10.2018, p. 1823-1833.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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