Lifestyle Diabetes Prevention

Ahmad Alkhatib, Jaakko Tuomilehto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Diabetes is a major cause of morbidity and associated mortality. Preventing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is possible through understanding its determinants, especially obesity, poor nutrition, sedentary lifestyle and physical inactivity. Reversing T2DM and its complications through physical exercise and functional food components is effective with or without medication. Mediterranean diet components such as fruits, vegetables, oily fish, olive oil and tree nuts, and locally available herbal products such as green tea, coffee and yerba maté contain variety of nutraceuticals e.g. polyphenols, terpenoids, flavonoids, alkaloids, plant sterols, pigments and unsaturated fatty acids. Protective effects of such functional food components include reduced inflammation and oxidation, improved glycemic control and insulin-sensitivity. A personalized approach which considers behavioral and lifestyle approach and objective assessment tools is now essential when designing multi-component T2DM prevention strategies.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Endocrine Diseases
ISBN (Electronic)9780128122006
ISBN (Print)9780128121993
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 5 Oct 2019

Publication series

NameEncyclopedia of Endocrine Diseases


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