This study examines the degree of integration of the Turkish economy and European markets as well as the nature of price convergences across major cities for common categories of goods. A series of unit root tests are performed to assess these price convergences by considering non-linearity, cross-sectional correlations, and structural breaks. We find that the Turkish and European markets are well-integrated. Moreover, Turkey’s highest rate of convergence occurs in the fresh fruits and vegetables (supermarkets) and canned goods (mid-priced stores) categories, suggesting arbitrage activities exist across common categories of goods.
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