Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is a promising technology that stops the release of CO2 from industrial processes such as electrical power generation. Accurate measurement of CO2 flows in a CCS system where CO2 flow is a gas, liquid, or gas-liquid two-phase mixture is essential for the fiscal purpose and potential leakage detection. This paper presents a novel method based on Coriolis mass flowmeters in conjunction with least squares support vector machine (LSSVM) models to measure gas-liquid two-phase CO2 flow under CCS conditions. The method uses a classifier to identify the flow pattern and individual LSSVM models for the metering of CO2 mass flowrate and prediction of gas volume fraction of CO2, respectively. Experimental work was undertaken on a multiphase CO2 flow test facility. Performance comparisons between the general LSSVM and flow pattern based LSSVM models are conducted. Results demonstrate that Coriolis mass flowmeters with the LSSVM model incorporating flow pattern identification algorithms perform significantly better than those using the general LSSVM model. The mass flowrate measurement of gas-liquid CO2 is found to yield errors less than ±2% on the horizontal pipeline and ±1.5% on the vertical pipeline, respectively, over flowrates from 250 kg/h to 3200 kg/h. The error in the estimation of CO2 gas volume fraction is within ±10% over the same range of flow rates.
Wang, L., Yan, Y., Wang, X., Wang, T., Duan, Q., & Zhang, W. (2018). Mass flow measurement of gas-liquid two-phase CO2 in CCS transportation pipelines using Coriolis flowmeters. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 68(6), 269-275. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijggc.2017.11.021