Maximum actuation strain for dissipative dielectric elastomers with simultaneous effect of prestretch and temperature

Lei Deng, Zhicheng He, Eric Li, Shoue Chen

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1 Citation (Scopus)
163 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

A dielectric elastomer can generate giant deformation by the voltage actuation, but the deformation is often hindered by the electromechanical instability and “snap-through deformation,” which may lead to electrical breakdown. In this study, for the first time, the mathematical model is established for dissipative dielectric elastomers in the dynamic model with simultaneous effect of prestretch and temperature in order to achieve maximum actuation strain. The deformation of the dissipative dielectric elastomer: VHB 4905/4910 is investigated for the two simple actuation methods: constant and ramping voltage actuation, respectively. The best combined conditions of voltage and prestretch to obtain a large deformation at different operating temperatures are studied in detail. Under the best combined conditions, the influences of three factors: voltage, prestretch, and temperature on the maximum actuation strain are analyzed. This study should offer a great help in the design of dielectric elastomer actuators, and give the guidance to the accomplishment of the large deformation of dissipative dielectric elastomer actuators.

Original languageEnglish
Article number45850
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume135
Issue number8
Early online date30 Oct 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2018

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