In this study, we examined the influence of initial question difficulty on the confidence in the answers to subsequent questions, affecting the tendency of eyewitnesses to report them. Target questions of intermediate difficulty about event details were preceded by either difficult or easy questions. In contrast to forced-report performance, free-report performance was affected by initial question difficulty: When preceded by difficult questions, more answers to the target questions were confidently held and hence were more likely to be reported, yielding a larger quantity of correct reported answers. These findings demonstrate how changes in subjective experience, as a result of initial question difficulty, can influence metacognitive monitoring and control, thereby affecting free-report eyewitness memory performance. From an applied perspective, our findings suggest that preceding questions about a witnessed event by relatively difficult as opposed to relatively easy questions can yield more event information from eyewitnesses, resulting in more complete eyewitness reports.
|Journal||Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jun 2016|