Multi-scale Pore-network Representation of Heterogeneous Carbonate Rocks

Tannaz Pak, Ian B. Butler, Sebastian Geiger, Marinus van Dijke, Zeyun Jiang, Rodrigo Surmas

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A multi-scale network integration approach introduced by Jiang et al. [2013] is used to generate a representative pore-network for a carbonate rock with a pore-size distribution across several orders of magnitude. We predict the macroscopic flow parameters of the rock utilising i) 3D images captured by X-ray computed micro-tomography and ii) pore-network flow simulations. To capture the multi-scale pore-size distribution of the rock we imaged four different rock samples at different resolutions and integrated the data to produce a pore network model that combines information at several length-scales that cannot be recovered from a single tomographic image. A workflow for selection of the number and length-scale of the required input networks for the network integration process, as well as fine tuning the model parameters is presented. Mercury injection capillary-pressure data were used to evaluate independently the multi-scale networks. We explore single-scale, two-scale, and three-scale network models and discuss their representativeness by comparing simulated capillary-pressure versus saturation curves with laboratory measurements. We demonstrate that for carbonate rocks with wide pore-size distributions, it may be required to integrate networks extracted from two or three discrete tomographic data sets in order to simulate macroscopic flow parameters.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5433-5441
Number of pages9
JournalWater Resources Research
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jul 2016


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