Net-shape manufacturing using hybrid selective laser melting/hot isostatic pressing

Hany Hassanin, Khamis Essa, Chunlei Qiu, Ali M. Abdelhafeez, Nicholas J.E. Adkins, Moataz M. Attallah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose - The purpose of this study is to develop a manufacturing technology using hybrid selective laser melting/hot isostatic pressing (SLM/HIP) process to produce full density net-shape components more rapidly and at lower cost than processing by SLM alone. Design/methodology/approach - Ti-6Al-4V powder was encapsulated in situ by the production of as-SLMed shell prior to the HIP process. After HIPping, the SLM shell is an integral part of the final component. Finite element (FE) modelling based on pure plasticity theory of porous metal coupled with an iterative procedure has been adopted to simulate HIPping of the encapsulated Ti-6Al-4V powder and SLMed shell. Two demonstrator parts have been modelled, designed, produced and experimentally validated. Geometrical analysis and microstructural characterisation have been carried out to demonstrate the efficiency of the process. Findings - The FE model is in agreement with the measured data obtained and confirms that the design of the shell affects the resulting deformed parts. In addition, the scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Electron backscatter diffraction EBSD (EBSD) of the interior and exterior parts reveal a considerably different grain structure and crystallographic orientation with a good bonding between the SLMed shell and HIPped powder. Originality/value - An approach to improve SLM productivity by combining it with HIP is developed to further innovate the advanced manufacturing field. The possibility of the hybrid SLS/HIP supported by FEA simulation as a net shape manufacturing process for fabrication of high performance parts has been demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)720-726
Number of pages7
JournalRapid Prototyping Journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jun 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Emerald Publishing Limited.


Dive into the research topics of 'Net-shape manufacturing using hybrid selective laser melting/hot isostatic pressing'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this