Nokia on the slope: the failure of a hybrid open/closed source model

Malgorzata Ciesielska

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This case study explores the origins of Nokia’s decline in the mobile technology market, as an unsuccessful attempt to introduce an open source strategy into the business. Nokia created a hybrid model, which codified conflicting principles taken from closed and open mode of collaboration. A series of implementation problems resulted in Nokia struggling to attract open source partners, growing issues with managing in-house staff and ultimately failing to develop a new mobile operating system fast enough to stay competitive.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)-
JournalThe International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Publication statusPublished - 21 Nov 2017


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