Non-Pharmacological Interventions to Reduce Unhealthy Eating and Risky Drinking in Young Adults Aged 18–25 Years: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Stephanie Scott, Fiona Beyer, Kathryn Parkinson, Cassey Muir, Alice Graye, Eileen Kaner, Martine Stead, Christine Power, Niamh Fitzgerald, Jen Bradley, Wendy Wrieden, Ashley Adamson

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    Abstract

    Alcohol use peaks in early adulthood and can contribute both directly and indirectly to unhealthy weight gain. This review aimed to systematically evaluate the effectiveness of preventative targeted interventions focused on reducing unhealthy eating behavior and linked alcohol use in 18–25-year-olds. Twelve electronic databases were searched from inception to June 2018 for trials or experimental studies, of any duration or follow-up. Eight studies (seven with student populations) met the inclusion criteria. Pooled estimates demonstrated inconclusive evidence that receiving an intervention resulted in changes to self-reported fruit and vegetable consumption (mean change/daily servings: 0.33; 95% CI −0.22 to 0.87) and alcohol consumption (mean reduction of 0.6 units/week; CI −1.35 to 0.19). There was also little difference in the number of binge drinking episodes per week between intervention and control groups (−0.01 sessions; CI −0.07 to 0.04). This review identified only a small number of relevant studies. Importantly, included studies did not assess whether (and how) unhealthy eating behaviors and alcohol use link together. Further exploratory work is needed to inform the development of appropriate interventions, with outcome measures that have the capacity to link food and alcohol consumption, in order to establish behavior change in this population group. View Full-Text
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages20
    JournalNutrients
    Volume10
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 18 Oct 2018

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    Scott, S., Beyer, F., Parkinson, K., Muir, C., Graye, A., Kaner, E., Stead, M., Power, C., Fitzgerald, N., Bradley, J., Wrieden, W., & Adamson, A. (2018). Non-Pharmacological Interventions to Reduce Unhealthy Eating and Risky Drinking in Young Adults Aged 18–25 Years: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Nutrients, 10(10). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10101538