The measurement of the operating deflection shape (ODS) of power transmission belts is of great importance for the fault diagnosis and prognosis of industrial belt drive systems. This paper presents a novel method based on an electrostatic sensor array to measure the ODS of a belt moving both axially and transversely. The electrostatic sensor integrates a charge amplifier that converts the induced charge on a strip-shaped electrode into a voltage signal. Finite-element simulations are performed to study the sensing characteristics of the sensor and the results reveal that the sensor can respond to vibration displacement. Construction of the ODS is achieved in the frequency domain using the ODS frequency response function. Comparative experimental studies with a high-accuracy laser displacement sensor were conducted on a purpose-built test rig and the results show that the vibration frequencies and their relative magnitudes obtained from both sensors agree well with each other. Experiments conducted over a range of belt axial speeds show that the belt vibrates at frequencies that are well separated and identifiable using a peak picking method. The measured ODSs of the first three vibration modes illustrate that the vibration displacement is larger in the middle of the belt span than at both ends and that the phase shift relative to the reference sensor at each measurement point increases monotonically along the belt running direction. The belt axial speed determines the vibration frequencies and displacement, which reaches the maximum amplitude around the natural frequency of the belt.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement|
|Publication status||Published - 4 Jan 2017|