The common way for the production of bacterial cellulose in surface culture is to use culture boxes or beakers with vertical walls, where the maximum achievable thickness is around 4 cm. In order to improve this, it is necessary to study factors limiting the production. In part 1, the mass transfer influences of the substrate have been investigated. Now we look at a wall effect. It is noted that the growing cellulose is in contact with the wall of the box or beaker, and moves downwards into the nutrient broth as time proceeds. Experiments have been carried out where this wall contact was eliminated and a constant rate of production over several weeks was found. This indicates the importance of understanding the role of the wall in the usual surface culture.
Hornung, M., Ludwig, M., Gerrard, A. M., & Schmauder, H. P. (2006). Optimizing the production of bacterial cellulose in surface culture: evaluation of product movement influences on the bioreaction (Part 2). Engineering in Life Sciences, 6(6), 546-551. https://doi.org/10.1002/elsc.200620163