Pain recognition in rabbits

Amy Miller, Matthew Leach

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Rabbits typically undergo at least one painful procedure during their lifetime and appropriate methods of assessment are essential to reduce or alleviate pain. Various methods of assessing pain in rabbits have been investigated, with the validity of spontaneous behavior and grimace scale scoring being the most studied to date. Assessment of pain is challenging, compounded by rabbits being a prey species that display freezing behavior in the presence of unfamiliar caregivers. Here we discuss some key changes in rabbits that can be used in assessment of pain and provide some practical suggestions to ensure that assessment can be carried out effectively.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationVeterinary clinics of North America: Exotic animal practice
EditorsDavid Sanchez-Migallon Guzman
Publication statusPublished - 19 Nov 2022

Publication series

NameVeterinary Clinics
ISSN (Print)1094-9194


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